八年级初二下册仁爱版英语Unit8 Topic1知识点(词汇、短语及语法)


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  1. 1)so …that …如此…以至于….,that 引导结果状语从句,其结构是so +形容词或副词+that 从句。

  2)so…that …可以换成such +(a/an)+形容词+名词。

  2. would like 作为一个固定结构后接名词,代词,不定式作宾语,也可以用不定式作宾补,表示想要的意思。

  1)would like sth. 想要某物;I would like some rice and pork 。我想要一些米饭和猪肉。

  2)would like to do sth. 想要做某事。

  3)would like sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事。

  Would like = want 想要

  4. be 为助动词,made 是及物动词make 的过去分词,of 后接宾语,be made of 的主语常为成品。Be made from 后的原材料则看不出,be made in 主语是成品,介词in 后为产地,be made into 主语为原材料,介词into 后接成品。

  The table is made of wood 。这桌子是由木头制成的。(可以看出原材料)

  Paper is made from wood 。纸是由木材制成的。(看不出原材料)

  The comb is made in hong kong 。这把梳子是香港制造的。

  Iron is made into knives 。铁可以制成小刀。

  5. afford 常接在can ,could ,be able to 之后,意为担负的起(…的费用,失,后果等);抽的出(时间)。Afford 还有提供,给予,出产的意思。

  6. on sale 上市;折价出售,减价出售。

  For sale 待售,供出售。

  7. (1)though 是从属连词,引导让步状语从句,和连词but 不能连用,但翻译时需译为但是。如:though Australia is very larger ,the population is quite small。虽然澳大利亚面积很大,但是人口却很少。

  (2)such as 像,诸如,例如(用于举例)。

  Opportunities such as this did not come every day 。这样的机会不是天天都有的。

  8. (1).like 是名词,意为喜好,爱好,反义词为dislike

  We all have different like and dislike ,我们各有不同的好恶。

  (2)depend on 意为依靠,依赖,随…而定,取决于。

  The country depend on its tourist trade 。这个国家主要依靠旅游业。

  It/that depends (口语)那得看情况。

  Depend on sb./sth. 。依靠某人,信赖某人某事

  Depend on sb.to do sth./doing sth.。指望某人做某事。

  Depend on = depend upon

  9. generally 通常,一般的,一般放在句首。

  While 用于对比两件事物,意为然而…

  The same …as … 与…一样

  10. catch one’s eye 引起某人的注意。

  11. It is said that… 据说

  12. start doing sth. 开始做某事 start to do sth. 开始去做(另外)某事

  begin doing sth. 开始做某事 begin to do sth. 开始去做某事

  remember doing sth. 记得做过某事 remember to do sth. 记得要做某事

  forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事 forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事

  try doing sth. 试着做某事 try to do sth. 努力去做某事

  stop doing sth. 停止做某事 stop to do sth. 停下来去做(另外的)某事

  13. protect sb. /sth. From sth. 保护…使免于…

  14. (1)keep sb. /sth. +adj. 保持某人或某事怎么样

  Please keep the windows open 。请让窗户开着

  keep sb. /sth. Doing sth. 让某人持续做某事;让某事持续进行。

  I’ll try not to keep you waiting 。我会尽量不让你就等。

  (2)keep (on)doing sth. 继续或重复做某事。

  I keep forgetting to mail this letter 。我老是忘记寄出这封信。

  Keep at 继续做;keep away from 不接近; 。

  15.more than +adj. ,不只是;比….更多。

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