八年级初二下册仁爱版英语Unit8 Topic3知识点(词汇、短语及语法)


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  1. fashion show 时装表演; on show 展出,陈列; for show 供展览,装门面的,中看不中用的; good show好,真棒; a show of hands 举手表决.

  2. there is / are going to be +… 是一个固定句型,其中be 不能用其他动词代替.

  3. here ,there 引导的倒装句只是主谓语序倒装,而there be 表示存在有

  There goes the man .那人走了.

  There is a man standing over there .有一个人站在那儿.

  4. 形容词作定语与介词短语作定语的区别:

  An interesting book 一本有趣的书(形容词修饰名词)

  A book on the desk 桌子上的一本书(介词短语修饰名词)

  5. a traditional dress 传统服装; traditional Chinese medicine 中医; traditional music 传统音乐.

  6. another 作形容词时,意为 又一个,再一个,其结构为:

  Another +数名词

  Another +数词+复数名词= 数词+more +复数名词

  7. be full of 充满….的,相当于be filled with .;fill …with 把…装满。

  8. stand for 代表,象征。

  9.get its name 得名。

  10.not only …but also … 不但… 而且…,常连接两个对等成分,可以连接名词、动词、介词短语等。

  11.design …as… 把…设计成….

  12.in the past 在过去,相当于in the old days

  13.around the world 世界,相当于all over the world 。

  14.at one time 曾经,一度,相当于at a time 。

  15.hardly 几乎不,表示否定概念,相当于almost not

  16.except 指从整体中除去一个或一部分,除去的人或物不在整体内。

  Besides 指在具体的整体外加上一个或一部分,意为:除…之外,还有….

  But 和except 都可以表示除…之外,都表示从整体中除去部分,常可以换用,但except 所含除外语气较强。but 着重在整体,常用在no,all,nobody,where,who等词后。

  动名词用法归纳:

  finish doing sth, feel like doing sth. Practice doing sth. Enjoy doing sth. Mind doing sth. Avoid doing sth. Spend …(in) doing sth. Can’t help doing sth.(情不自禁的做某事)

  动词不定式用法归纳:

  want to do sth. invite sb. to do sth.

  be able to do sth. would like to do sth. seem to do sth.

  plan to do sth. teach sb. to do sth. have to do sth.

  need to do sth. Wish to do sth. hope to do sth.

  begin to do sth, start to do sth. be used to do sth.

  be afraid to do sth. refuse to do sth.

  ask sb. to do sth. ask sb. not to do sth.

  tell sb. to do sth. tell sb. not to do sth.

  advise sb. to do sth. can’t wait to do sth.

  allow sb. to do sth. Allow sb. not to do sth.

  省略to的动词不定式

  Make sb. do sth. Have sb. do sth. Let sb. do sth.

  Why not do sth. Had better (not) do sth

  ●Be +形容词+to do sth.

  Be glad to do sth. Be sorry to do sth. Be happy to do sth. Be meaningful to do sth.

  Find it +形容词+to do sth. 发现做某事是。。。。的

  ●连接动词-ing的固定搭配

  have trouble (in ) doing sth. have fun doing sth.

  spend …..(in) doing sth

  Thank sb. for doing sth. what about doing sth. How about doing sth.

  be busy doing sth. advise doing sth

  suggest doing sth . suggest sb. doing sth

  look forward to doing sth.

  复合句:

  1. 并列句 用and 连接 并列或承接关系

  We will have a test tomorrow and I always get nervous before a test.

  They were very cute and we couldn’t help watching them.

  用but 连接表转折关系

  I felt tired but happy.

  2.状语从句

  (1) 原因状语从句:用because连用,表原因

  He feels disappointed because he couldn’t get a ticket to the film

  He often became angry because the children made noise.

  He was quite angry with the driver because his car hit his brother.

  区别lonely alone excited exciting too either because because of

  He often became angry because the children made noise.

  He often became angry because of the noisy children.

  (2) 时间状语从句 用when ,before, while ,as soon as 连接

  区别when 和while while和进行时态连用

  对比下列俩个句子:I was singing when my mother came in.

  My mother came in while I was singing.

  While the crowd was pushing Darren in all directions,someone stepped on his feet.

  When Darren finally pushed his way out ,he couldn’t find his two friends.

  When it rains,I always feel sad.

  When the sun shines brightly,it makes me happy again.

  When we talk about Beijing,I feel excited.

  We were so excited when we met again.

  Why don’t you talk to someone when you feel sad.

  I’d like you to meet him with me when he arrives.

  While you were enjoying your trip to Mount Tai,I am busy preparing for my exams.

  While we were having fun exploring ,I found that Darren was lost.

  ◆Before 连接的时间状语从句

  Would you help me make a plan to explore Beijing before he comes .

  My father booked the room before we arrived.

  ◆ after 连接的时间状语从句

  After we checked our biles and bags ,we rode to Tiananmen Square.

  ★条件壮语从句:用if连接

  If we are not confident about ourselves ,we may feel upset.

  If we are in good spirits,we can study or work better.

  ★动词不定式作表语:

  The best way to raise money is to sell newspapers.

  ★It作形式主语

  It’s very common to raise money in some American school.

  It’s normal to get gift from him.

  It’s important for us to be in a good mood.

  It’s important (for sb.)to do sth.做。。。。(对某人而言)是重要的

  It’s normal to do sth.

  It’s useless to do sth. It’s useless to waste time on computer.

  It’s easy to do sth.

  例句 It’s easy to study English.

  It’s easy to park bikes.

  It’s certain that ……

  It’s true that。。。确实。。。

  例句It’s true that suitable uniforms can show good discipline.

  It’s true that you are right.

  It’s said that 据说。。。。

  例句:It’s said that half of the students don’t have breakfast regularly.

  归纳:It is +形容词+(for sb.)+to do sth.做某事(对某人而言)是。。。。的

  例句:1.It’s important for you to help people choose suitable clothing.

  2.It’s impolite to eat so noisily.

  3.It’s polite to follow western table manners.

  4.It’s polite to eat up the food on your plate.

  5.It’s very important to for us to have different kinds of foods.

  6.It’s easy to find the doctors.

  7.It’s necessary for us to wear sports clothes on the playground.

  8.It’s necessary for us to know different uniforms in our daily life.

  【注意】区别句式It’s +形容词+for sb. to do sth. It’s +形容词+of sb. to do sth.

  对比:It’s impolite of the man to wear jeans to go to a formal meeting.

  It’s necessary for us to wear sports clothes on the playground.

  解析:如果形容词是描述人品质的,则用of连接。如果不是则用for

  更多例句:It’s nice of you .

  It’s kind of you to help me .不能说成It’s kind for you to help me .

  It’s important for you to learn English well.不能说成It’s important of you to learn English.

  ●区别not…any longer /no longer

  He does’nt hate the driver any longer=He no longer hate the driver.

  He no longer stays in his room by himself =

  It take sb. st. to do sth.某人花费。。。时间做某事

  It will take us a few days to get there by bike

  ● 区别spend/pay/cost/take

  Spend 通常是人做主语,常用短语是spend ..+时间或金钱..(in) doing sth.

  Spend .... +时间或金钱.on sth. 表示“某人做某事花费。。。。时间或金钱

  Pay ..。。。人做主语。常用短语 sb. pay ...+金钱+for sth. 表示“某人为某物支付。。。金钱

  Cost.. 物做主语 表示某物花费某人多少钱sth. cost sb. +金钱

  Take 通常和it连用,构成句式It take sb. +时间或金钱+to do sth. 表示某人花费。。。时间或金钱做某事

  例子:I spent 20 yuan (in) buying this book.(in可以省略)=I spent 20 yuan on this book.

  I paid 20 yuan for this book.

  It took me 20 yuan to buy this book.

  The book cost me 20 yuan .

  注意:spend 和take 还可以表示花费时间做某事。

  I spent two hours on my homework.=I spent two hours doing my homework.=It took me two hours to do my homework. 我花了俩个小时做家庭作业。

  区别Older/elder how long /how far 区别副词和形容词happy/happily careful /carefully

  The children are playing games happily.

  The children are living a happy life .

  ●正确使用句式too….to….(表示太。。。。而不能。。。。)

  He is too worried to think about what to do .

  He is too young to go to school.

  ●Not …until 句式

  He didn’t raise his head until someone called him.

  He didn’t answer the question until the teacher called him.

  My brother didn’t go to school until he was 7 years old.

  正确使用句式:not only ...but also 不仅。。。。而且。。。

  该短语遵循“就近原则” 例如:

  Not only I but also he is from China.=Not only he but also I am from China.

  We should not only eat enough healthy food but also eat regularly.

  正确使用下列句式:so...that ....(如此。。。。以至于)

  Such ....that ...如此。。。以致。。。。 so that 以便。。。

  例子:It’s such a cool windbreaker that you should buy it at once.

  =It’s so cool a windbreaker that you should buy it at once.

  解析: so修饰形容词 such 修饰名词 many ,much , little ,few 等只能和so连用.

  He is so young that he can’t carry the heacy box.

  He is such a young boy that he can’t carry the heavy box.

  He got so many presents that he couldn’t help laughing.(他得到那么多礼物以至于他情不自禁地大笑了)

  Mike wants to buy the cool he will look great.

  Mike is wearing such a cool windbreaker that he looks great.

  People started to wear clothes so that they could protect themselves from the sun,wind ,rain and cold.

  正确理解并使用宾语从句。

  Miss Yang says that our schoo plans to make uniform for us.

  Jim often says that he comes from the USA.

  注意:当宾语从句的主句为一般过去时态时。从句的主语要变为相应的某种过去时态。如果从句是一般现在时态,则需要变为一般过去时态。如果从句是现在进行时态,则需要变为过去进行时态

  Kang said that the fashion show was wonderful.

  He said he was designing their school uniforms.

  (注意 下列 宾语从句中的从句部分使用陈述语序)

  Can you tell me what I should wear here?

  Could you tell me what clothes you like best?

  Could you tell me where the special shoes are?

  注意下列例句中的结构: 宾语从句+特殊疑词+动词不定式

  Could you tell me what to buy?

  Could you tell me where to buy a scarf?

  I don’t know how to sing this song.

  正确理解动名词做主语的用法。动名词做主语时,谓语动词用单数。

  Reading in bed is bad for your eyes. Helping people choose clothes is important.

  Walking in the park is exciting.

  认识让步状语从句,用though引导。 They have very few formal days ,though there are some festivals ,such as Easter,Christmas and Thankgiving Day.

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